In the Koran, Allah SWT reminds us not to despair from God's grace. Such an attitude is only appropriate for unbelievers or people who do not believe in God (Qur'an 12:87).
Believers are required to have an optimistic attitude and outlook, especially about their future in the hereafter. In Sufistic terminology, this teaching on optimistic attitudes and views is called 'the king' (hopeful attitude).
'The King', according to Abu al-Qasim al-Ashfahani, means that the strong hope of someone will achieve something coveted. For Sufis, that dream can be in the form of God's forgiveness (maghfirah) and His favor (mardhatillah). The strength of this hope makes the Sufis increasingly intense in worship, and seems tireless in performing riyadhah and mujahadah for the achievement of ideals (mathlub).
This attitude of optimism, as stated above, certainly does not come by itself. Its appearance must be preceded by a sense of piety which makes a person feel the need to increase the volume of his worship of God. At this time, the attitude of optimism grows and develops.
For this reason, the optimism that the kings call 'is not a dream and a mere dream. The author of the book al-Hikam Ibn 'Athaillah al-Sakandari argues,' king 'is a hope that is accompanied by real action. If not, he is not a king ', but an empty imagination (amniyyah) which is actually denounced by religion. A similar opinion was expressed by Makruf al-Karkhi, another tasawur expert. For him, the desire to go to heaven without work is a big sin. "Your hope to get mercy from God to whom you yourself are not submissive and obedient is stupid and ridiculous," he explained.
The Prophet Muhammad SAW himself condemned those who were lulled by hope, they were then lazy to work and do good deeds. "People who are strong and intelligent," said the Prophet, "Are people who can control themselves and work for the hereafter. While people who are weak and silly are people who always obey their passions, but put various hopes and dreams to God. "
In order to avoid this ridiculousness, Sufis and sages often remind us with this word of God: "Whoever hopes to meet with his Lord, then he should do righteous deeds and let no one associate in worshiping Him." (Quran 18: 110).
So, the optimism that is desired and taught by the Sufis is optimism that is built on a very strong foundation of Sharia, namely faith and good deeds. Such a view, not only can stimulate work productivity, but also provides an atmosphere and climate that is very conducive to one's progress, both in the physical and mental spiritual fields. (*)
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