If Muslims face an enemy that is attacking, then fleeing from battle when it is a grave sin, so patience is an obligation. Indeed, patience at that time was the main condition for victory and the main element, so that Muslims could defeat the enemy.
Allah SWT said, "O you who believe, when you fight the army (enemy), be firm in your heart and say (Allah's name) as much as you can so that you are lucky." (Surat al-Anfal: 45).
Based on that, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala gave praise to those who were patient under the flash of a sword. Allah says, "And those who are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle, Those are the ones who have been true (their faith), and it is those who are the righteous." (Surat al-Baqarah: 177).
Furthermore, more patience is needed when Muslim forces begin to clash, troops feel tired and when many issues problems weaken their spirits.
And the best people who make it happen is when the battle rages, when the Muslims make themselves as the shield of the Prophet, as happened in the battles of Uhud and Hunain.
Likewise the previous prophets were always patient in battle.
"And how many prophets who fought with them a large number of (his) devout followers. They do not become weak because of the calamity that befalls them in the way of Allah, and are not lethargic and do not (too) surrender (to the enemy). Allah loves those who are patient. "(Surah Ali-Imran: 146).
This is the Thalut and a small groups of righteous, they give valuable lessons to the mukminin groups. Thalut tests the patience of his troops:
"So when Thalut came out carrying his army, he said," Surely Allah will test you with the river. Then who among you drinks water, is not my follower. And whoever doesn't drink it, except for taking one hand, he is my follower. 'Then they drink it except for a few of them. "(Surat al-Baqarah: 249).
Thus should a commander who is eager in preaching his troops. He must test the ability of his troops before sending him into battle. Thus, it appears that a very important essence is that a person who cannot be patient in a simple matter, then maybe he cannot be patient in battle. Therefore there must be education before jihad. (*)
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