"The most perfect Muslim faith is the best morals." (HR. Tirmidhi and Ahmad).
This Hadith reveals a very important thing in Islam, namely morals. In addition to the problem of monotheism and sharia, morals have a very broad portion of consent. Etymologically, morals are taken from the root of the word khuluk which means character, murina, challenge, fitrah, or instinct.
Meanwhile, as depicting Imam Al-Ghazali, morality is something that describes someone who is associated with a good soul, from whom do the work easily and automatically without thinking before.
If the source of thought is based on good and noble deeds, which can be justified by reason and Shari'a, then it is called noble character. However, if on the contrary, it is called despicable morals.
Abu Hurairah ra. preaching about a time the Prophet Muhammad never discussed the criteria for people who will enter heaven. He answered, "Taqwa to Allah and good character." (HR. Tirmidhi and Ahmad).
When the Prophet (peace be upon him) advised his friend, he took the advice to be pious with the advice to be good to humans. Abi Dzar Al-Ghiffary that Rasulullah SAW said, "Fear Allah anywhere can be placed and respond to bad deeds by doing necessary good which will bring ugliness and develop with humans with good morals." (HR. Tirmidhi).
True, monotheism is the core and principle of Islamic teachings that must always be prioritized. However, this does not mean returning morals as improvements. Monotheism and morals are highly considered, because monotheism is the morality of a Muslim.
A person who is virtuous and moral means that he is a good human being. The more perfect one's monotheism, the better the morals will be. Conversely, when a servant has bad morals, it means that his monotheism will also be weak. Morals are a measure of the perfection of one's faith. Rasulullah SAW said, "The most faithful believers are the best morals." (HR. Tirmidhi and Ahmad).
How are there six dimensions of morality in Islam, namely:
1. Morals for Allah SWT. Applied by inviting Him, giving thanks for His blessings, being ashamed of applying immorality, always repenting, putting in trust, and always asking for His grace.
2. Morals for Rasulullah SAW. Applied by getting to know him further, then trying to accept and follow his sunnahs, including also many prayers, accept all of his teachings and restart the sunnah he modeled.
3. Morals towards the Koran. Applied by reading it, attentively, tartil. Then try to challenge, memorize, and practice it.
4. Morals for people around us, starting from how to treat ourselves, then start, relatives, neighbors, until the brothers and sisters in the faith.
5. Morals for infidels. The trick is to hate their disbelief. However, we must still act fairly to them. Religion allows us to do good to them as long as it is not opposed to Islamic law, or to invite them to Islam.
6. Morals towards the Environment and other life participation. You do this by trying to maintain the balance of nature, love animals, preserve plants, and others. Allah knows best.
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