“The former people were first of all (converted to Islam) from the Muhajirin group and Ansar and those who followed them well, Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Allah and Allah provided for them the heaven that flowed the river rivers in it forever. They are eternal in it. That is a great victory.” (Surat at-Tawba: 100)
What is mentioned in the verse above is a picture of a group of Muslim communities from the early generation of Islam who lived together with the noble and great Prophet with all their ways until the Creator God separated them physically, their hearts united, united by the Faith it will never fade until they meet someone they love in heaven.
After Rasul SAW died a large group of Ansar gathered in Saqifah Bani Sa'idah to support Sa'ad bin Ubadah. Abu Bakr went with Umar bin Khattab and Abu Ubaidah Ibnul Jarrah; not to take advantage of himself, but he only wanted to immediately prevent slander and curb group defiance, where there were those who said, "The Caliph belongs to Ansar" and some say, "The Caliph is the right of the Muhajirites". In Saqifah Bani Sa'idah, Abu Bakr began the conversation. "O Ansar, really you cannot call a virtue but you have the expertise to do so." Then he held the hand of Umar bin Khattab, the person with whom God glorified Islam. And holding the hand of Abu Ubaidah Ibnul Jarrah, whom Rasul SAW described as a believer in this people. Abu Bakr raised his best friend's hands and blessings: "I am willing to one of these two people, Umar and Abu Ubaidah." Umar's hands trembled as if the fall of a burning coal. Abu Ubaidah closed his eyes crying with extreme shame. So shouted Umar: "By Allah, I would rather be brought forward and slashed my neck without sin, than being appointed as the leader of a people where there is Abu Bakr."
As soon as he finished saying his words, Umar came forward to extend his right hand to pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr. So the leaders of Ansar came to pledge allegiance and as if they had received a call in the sky. Maybe the day of Saqifah did not end without leaving deep wounds, but Allah glorified Islam and the Muslims that day with Abu Bakr and the people succeeded in starting the hardest first test. The great Caliph will prove his appropriateness for the position that God gave him in the hearts of men and the historical stage that big things can only be done by big people. Destiny has chosen the great man to face big things and a big future.
At the beginning of his reign he moved his steps in shame and fear, while pointing his gaze to the pulpit of the Prophet Muhammad; the pulpit that is often used by the Prophet SAW to call on Muslims and invites them to follow the instructions of the true religion. Abu Bakr who ascended to it for the first time after the departure of the pulpit owner and its leader. He climbed two steps then sat down, because he did not want to climb every step. He did not want to sit in the place where the Apostle sat. He then gave a speech, delivered his promise and message. "O people, actually I was appointed as your leader and I am not the best among you. If I do good then help me. And if I do evil, make me straight. Know, in fact the person who is weak to you is strong by my side, so I give him the right. Obey me as long as I obey Allah and His Messenger. So if I am rebellious, you do not obey me."
With these miraculous sentences, Abu Bakr laid down the responsibility of the ruler who was honest and revealed the principle of a good government. "Indeed I am appointed as your leader and I am not the best of you." For Allah's sake, what a glorious beginning it was. He wants to get rid of every guess that makes them put the ruler above his level and place. He wants to establish in their hearts that governance is a public service, which in most levels of service there are burdens and responsibilities, and various difficulties. Abu Bakar is the person who has the most embarrassment, when he gets the word praise. At that time tears ran down his eyes and repeated the great prayer: "Allaahummaj aj alniy khairan mmama yadhunnuun waghfirliy maa laa ya'lamuun wa laa tu-aakhidznii bimaa yaquuluuna." O Allah, make me better than they thought. And forgive me the sin they did not know. And don't sue me for their words. "He became a caliph within 2 years. Abu Bakr died on August 23, 634 in Medina. He was buried next to the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad. Furthermore the position of the Caliph was replaced by Umar bin Khatab. Wallahu A'lam. (author: Drs. Usman Daud, MA)